Biology General Knowledge Questions and Answers

Questions Answers
1. What the process of separating grain from chaff is called? Winnowing
2. What the process of separating fibre from seeds is called? Ginning
3. What is the study of mycology? Fungi
4. Who are the fathers of biology? Aristotle
5. What is responsible for converting milk into curd? Lactobacillus bacteria
6. Healing of wounds is hastened by which vitamin? C
7. Which Vitamin is also known as retinol? Vitamin A
8. Which organ of the body produces the fluid known as? Liver
9. What is the tallest perennial grass? Bamboo
10. Kharif crop harvested in which month October
11. When rabi season starts November
12. What fatty acids are in fish? Omega-3 fatty acids
13. How many bones are in human body? 206
14. How many bones does a Baby have? 300
15. What is the other name of thiamine? Vitamin B1
16. What is Calciferol? Vitamin D
17. Which Vitamin is called niacin? Vitamin B3
18. Plants synthesis protein from what? Amino acids
19. Where does the o2 released during photosynthesis come from? Water
20. Which is the largest flower in the world? Rafflesia arnoldii
21. Which is the biggest fruit in India? Jackfruit
22. What is source of Turgid in plant cell? Water
23. What gives yellow colour to old leaves? chlorophyll
24. Who made the first antibiotic? Alexander Fleming
25. What disease attacks your red blood cells? Anemia
26. Give one example of Epigenous type of flower? Sunflower
27. What is the study of flowers called? Anthology
28. Which plant hormone is responsible for fall of senescent leaves? Abscisic acid
29. What proteins are made of? Amino acids
30. What are the final products of photosynthesis? Glucose and oxygen

31. Where did watermelon originally come from? Africa
32. During which process do plants release energy? Photosynthesis
33. When is the World Health Day celebrated? 7 April
34. What percentage of the human body is water? 60%
35. Which blood cells are important for immunity? White Blood Cells
36. Which cells are responsible for carrying messages? Nerve cells
37. Where is the smallest bone in the human body found? Middle ear.
38. What is the largest organ of the human body? The skin
39. What is the name of the biggest part of the human brain? cerebrum
40. What is the longest bone in the human body? femur (thighbone)
41. What is the smallest bone in the human body? stapes (Found in Middle ear)
42. What are hair skin and nails made of? keratin
43. What are the two holes in your nose called? Nostrils
44. How many lungs are in the human body? Two lungs

45. What is the shape of DNA called? double helix
46. What sugar is found in DNA? Deoxyribose sugar
47. What sugar is found in RNA? Ribose sugar
48. What is the biggest and most powerful in the human body? Gluteus maximus
48. how many chambers does the heart have? Four chambers
49. What bones protect the heart? Rib cage
50. What organ is the longest in the human body? Small intestine
51. What is another word for “voice box”? larynx
52. How many parts do the brain have? Three parts- the cerebrum, cerebellum and brainstem.
53. The innermost part of bones contains what? Bone marrow
54. What tissue connects bone to bone? Ligament
55. What is the amount of blood contains in the human body? 5-6 litres
56. What is the percentage of calcium stored in the bones? 97%
57. How many teeth are there in the human body in adult life? 32 teeth
58. What tissue connects to muscle to bone? Tendon
59. Who invented human blood grouping system? Karl Landsteiner
60. Who is the father of insulin? Frederick Banting