English Grammar – Present Perfect Tense

This tense is a mixture of past and present. We use the present perfect tense when the action is happened recently, nearby, just a little while ago, or a few days ago.

Rules of Present Perfect Tense

‘has’ is used with singular subjects and ‘have’ is used with plural subjects and also with ‘I’ and ‘You’.

Subject + has/ have + V3

These are the some examples of Present Perfect Tense.

Hindi English
मेँ आ गया हूँ। I have come.
वह आई है। She has come.
तुम बहुत बदल गए हो। You have changed a lot.
मैंने इस पुस्तक को पढ़ा है। I have read this book.
मैंने उसकी अनुमति ली है। I have taken his permission.
तुम अब माँ बन गई हो। You have become a mother now.
कीमतें फिर बढ़ गई हैं। Prices have risen again.

उसे बुखार आ गया है। She has got a fever.
पिछले दरवाजे के कुत्ते ने उसे काट लिया है। Last door’s dog has bitten him.
हम 1989 से इस घर में रहते हैं। We have lived in this house since 1989.
उन्होंने तीन घंटे तक पढ़ाई की है। He has studied for three hours.
हम दस साल से एक-दूसरे को जानते हैं। We have known each other for ten years.
उसने अपना कमरा धो दिया है। She has washed her room.
गीता अपना बैग खो चुकी है। Gita has lost her bag.
मुझे अपना पाठ याद आ गया। I have remembered my lesson.